Morphine, what it is and what its effects are

Morphine, what it is and what its effects are

Morphine and its effects


  • 1 What is morphine?
  • 2 Short-term effects of morphine
  • 3 Side effects
  • 4 Signs of morphine overdose
  • 5 Long-term effects of morphine consumption
  • 6 Morphine dependence
  • 7 Morphine withdrawal symptoms

What is morphine?

Morphine is an opioid narcotic that is used as a potent analgesic. In fact, it is widely used in medicine to relieve severe acute pain such as those that appear after a surgical operation or an acute myocardial infarction, although it is also used to relieve chronic pain as devastating as cancer, among others.

Really morphine can be a great option for pain patients; however, when used for recreational purposes or in improperly high doses, morphine can generate a strong dependence and serious side effects.

Short-term effects of morphine

The main effects of morphine are euphoria, a feeling of intense relaxation and decreased pain perception.

Morphine is available in numerous forms, such as pills, injectables, patches and even suppositories.

Side effects

The use of morphine can cause a number of side effects, which can range from mild to fatal. These side effects may include:

  • Sickness.
  • Vomiting
  • Skin itch.
  • Loss of appetite
  • Urinary retention.
  • Constipation.
  • Shallow or slow breathing
  • Altered or irregular heartbeat.
  • Chest pain.
  • Cyanosis (blue coloration of the skin, lips, nails, etc.)
  • Dizziness.
  • Confusion.
  • Agitation.
  • Seizures

Signs of morphine overdose

When excessive doses of morphine are taken, the following warning signs may appear:

  • Uncontrolled vomiting
  • Respiratory distress / respiratory arrest
  • Bradycardia (slow heart rate) / cardiac arrest.
  • Seizures
  • Loss of consciousness.

In these cases, it is very important to seek help immediately, since an opioid overdose can lead to coma or death.

Long-term effects of morphine consumption

The main risk associated with long-term use of morphine is the development of addiction. If this happens, we must know that all opioid addiction can be devastating, and its main symptoms are:

  • Losing interest in family, friends and work.
  • Prioritize the search and use of morphine over all things.
  • Do not take care of health, although many of the health problems are related to the use of morphine (as in the case of chronic pain).
  • Generate financial problems as a result try to get the medicine uncontrollably.
  • Steal from others / get involved in criminal activities.

As your use continues and addiction worsens, you may also experience withdrawal symptoms Very uncomfortable at times when it is not being consumed.

Morphine dependence

Over time, the body of the chronic consumer develops a dependence on morphine. This can be very dangerous if opioid addiction appears, as it can wreak havoc on the body system.

As it generates tolerance to the drug, the person will have to take more and more morphine to get the same results, risking your health with possible respiratory diseases and even possible cardiac arrest, as well as increasing the likelihood of damaging a whole series of vital organ systems. In addition, the dependency also begins to control your life, causing problems like those mentioned above. Physical dependence on a drug such as morphine is accompanied by a strong psychological dependence, causing the consumer to seek continuous access to the drug, which consumes his thoughts and makes him act dangerously, abandoning his interests and responsibilities.

Symptoms of withdrawal from morphine

When a person enters the vicious circle of an addiction, it is tremendously difficult to get out of it, since withdrawal symptoms are usually extremely unpleasant, and morphine is no exception. The main symptoms of morphine withdrawal include:

  • Anxiety.
  • Irritability
  • Perspiration.
  • Excessive mucus in the nose.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Decreased appetite.
  • Cramps
  • Vomiting

Opioid withdrawal is not life-threatening, but many have great difficulties to carry out this process on their own, since the experience can be quite unpleasant and is accompanied by strong impulses to continue using the drug. For this reason, it is preferable to spend the withdrawal period in a controlled and structured environment such as detoxification centers with the help of a medical professional.